Washing machine maintenance is an essential part of home appliance maintenance, which has a hundred years of history of machine varieties, with the progress of the times constantly changing.
1. Manual phase
In 1858, Hamilton-Smith made the world’s first washing machine.
The main part of the washing machine was recorded as a drum with a straight shaft with paddle-like leaves, which was rotated by shaking the crank to which it was attached.
It is a pity that this washing machine is not widely used because it is more laborious to use and does more damage to clothes.
1874 Bulaix, an American, invented the wooden hand-cranked washing machine, which was simple in construction and consisted mainly of a wooden cylinder with blades that could be turned inside out by means of handles and gears.
During this period, although the washing machine is still manual, already can manually “Take off” clothes, in fact, like rough rolling clothes to separate water.
Wooden hand-cranked washing machines have inspired countless creative people who want to make them more efficient. Since then, the washing machine improvement process began to develop rapidly.
By 1880, power was widespread, and steam-powered washing machines appeared. Steam washers of the day worked in much the same way as modern steam washers, with the aim of deep cleaning clothes, where a small amount of water is converted into steam and the stain is broken down by high temperatures.
But it’s too big for the average family. And the start-up of the washing machine is very cumbersome, time-consuming, energy waste serious, and excessive force, often clothes were torn.
After the steam washing machine, the water power washing machine, the internal combustion engine washing machine also appear one after another.
The washing machine is mainly composed of a washing cylinder, a power source, and parts connected with a ship. The washing machine is provided with an inlet and outlet hole, a clothes inlet hole, and a sealing cover, and a power source is arranged on the washing machine shell, the whole body is connected with the hull through connecting pieces. Because it does not require any electricity, only natural river water can wash clothes, save time while reducing the burden of housework, which is usually widely used by boat people.
2. Electric phase
In 1907, Fisher, an American, built the world’s first electric washing machine.
It is powered by a small generator, and its main component is a rotating drum in which clothes and soap are put. Under the action of the blades of the agitator, the clothes roll back and forth violently in the soapy water to achieve the goal of washing.
The appearance of this electric washing machine marks the beginning of the automation of human housework.
Although electric washing machines have come into being, they were not widely used because of the lack of electricity in those days. By the 1920s, electricity was becoming more common in Western countries, and washing machines began to spread.
In 1922, the American Maytag Company introduced the mixing type washing machine. The washing machine is mainly equipped with a vertical shaft in the center of the drum, and the lower end of the vertical shaft is provided with a stirring wing, through the motor-driven vertical shaft for periodic positive and negative swing so that clothes and water constantly rolling, mutual friction to achieve the goal of cleaning clothes.
Maytag invented the stirrer washing structure to make the washing machine structure fixed.
Ten years later, in 1932, the American Bendix Airlines successfully developed the first front-loading drum washing machine, which made washing, rinsing, and dewatering in the same drum, marks an electric washing machine in the direction of automation has taken a big step.
In 1934, when washing machines were too expensive for ordinary families to afford, an American man saw a business opportunity, bought four of the latest electric washing machines, and opened a commercial laundry, charging by the hour.
In 1937, the first automatic washing machine was introduced. This washing machine relies on a horizontal shaft to drive the whole cylinder, clothes in the cylinder filled with water constantly rolling up and down to achieve the goal of clean clothes.
With the acceleration of industrialization, countries around the world accelerated the pace of the development of washing machines.
Around 1940, a jet washing machine was developed in England, which relied on the intense eddy currents generated by the running wheels on one side of the barrel to keep clothes and detergent rolling around in the barrel to clean them.
On the basis of the introduction of the British jet washing machine, Japan has made a unique style, has been popular so far wave-wheel washing machine.
Launched in 1955, the wave-wheel washing machine with a drum bottom equipped with a disc wave, on the ribs. Under the driving of the wave wheel, the water in the bucket forms the eddy current of positive and negative rotation, which drives the clothes to rotate and roll, and makes the clothes and the clothes and the bucket wall rub in the water, and realizes the decontamination and cleaning under the action of detergent.
At this point, the wheel-type, drum-type, mixing in the washing machine field of three parts of the world to form a preliminary situation.